2D Echocardiography or 2D Echo is a diagnostic test to diagnose the heart disease. It is a ultrasound technique which takes images of heart. It actually shows a cross sectional view of the heart, showing chambers, valves and the major blood vessels of heart. From the image it is detected how your heart appears and your heart muscle functions.
The purpose of the echocardiogram is to assess the structure and function of the heart. The results will provide information that can help the health care professional make a diagnosis that involves the heart.
Echocardiograms may be repeated over time, monitoring heart function and the results may help decide whether previous treatment has been effective and whether any changes in that treatment program are required.
Types of echocardiograms are: Transthoracic echocardiogram, Transesophageal echocardiogram, Doppler echocardiogram, Stress echocardiogram, 3D echocardiogram, and Foetal echocardiogram.